The city proper was estimated to have a population of 1,, people on 31st July and is divided into the five boroughs of Kampala Central Division , Kawempe Division , Makindye Division , Nakawa Division , and Rubaga Division. It has a rapidly growing population that is estimated at 6,, people in by the Uganda Bureau of Statistics  in an area of 8, Kampala is reported to be among the fastest-growing cities in Africa, with an annual population growth rate of 4. Kampala has been ranked the best city to live in East Africa  ahead of Nairobi and Kigali by Mercer, a global development consulting agency based in New York City.
Kampala originally referred to only the present-day Old Kampala hill, on whose summit Fort Lugard was located, and the initial headquarters of the British colonialists in the soon to be Uganda Protectorate.
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Before the British construction and occupation of Fort Lugard, the hill was a hunting reserve of the Kabaka King of Buganda and had several species of antelope, especially the impala. As a result, when the British colonial agents were allocated this hill by the then Kabaka King of Buganda, they referred to it as "The Hill of the Impala".
The Baganda, in whose territory this British settlement was located, then translated "Hill of the Impala" as Akasozi ke'Empala. Then shortened to K'empala and finally Kampala. And hence the name "Kampala" came to refer to this initial British colonial settlement that would later on spread out from this occupied Old Kampala hill near the pre-existing Kibuga capital of the Buganda Kingdom. This area of numerous hills and swamps that later become known as Kampala was part of the core of the highly centralized Buganda Kingdom.
It was also the site of the shifting Kibuga capital of the different Bassekabaka Kings of the Buganda Kingdom with each Kabaka King upon coronation or subsequently during their reign setting up their Kibuga capital on a new and or different hill as they wished or desired. During this visit, Henry Stanley Morton wrote a letter that was published in the Daily Telegraphy , inviting missionaries to come to Buganda.
He also described the Kibuga in his s dispatches to the New York Herald , thus:. As we approached the capital, the highway from Usavara [Busabala] increased in width from 20ft [6 meters] to ft [45 meters] Arrived at the capital I found the vast collection of huts crowning the eminence were the Royal Quarters, around which ran several palisades and circular courts, between which and the city was a circular road, ranging from ft [30 meters] to ft [60 meters] in width with gardens and huts In the first lot of missionaries of Church Mission Society who were of the Protestant faith, arrived from the United Kingdom and were allocated Namirembe hill.
Two years later in the Catholic White Fathers missionaries also arrived, first settling at the present day village of Kitebi near Lubaga but would subsequently be allocated Lubaga hill. Captain Lugard would, later on, be allocated the hill that would soon be known as Old Kampala , and on which he built a fort. In Mengo Senior School , the first school offering Western education in Kampala, was opened by the Church Missionary Society at Namirembe hill , where mostly children of chiefs and pages of the royal palaces were the students.
In Ssekabaka Mwanga rebelled and waged a war against British rule and was subsequently captured and deported in to Seychelles alongside Omukama Kabalega , and his 3-year-old son was made king by the combined forces of the British officers, Nubian soldiers and Baganda collaborators. This state of affairs later culminated in the signing of the Buganda Agreement that formalized British colonial rule in Buganda.
This agreement by Sir Harry Johnston created new land tenures such as freehold, Crownland, and mailo , and divided up and allocated the land in such a way that would come to define the development of Kampala.
The land in Buganda's capital Kibuga including Mengo hill, Makerere hill, etc. The religious missions were also formally allocated land they were previously occupying. To legalize the above changes, the following laws and ordinances were subsequently passed: The Crown lands Ordinance of , The Land Law of , The Registration of Land Titles ordinance of and the Busulu and Envujo law of In , the Crown-lands consisting of Old Kampala, Nakasero hills etc.
In Kampala Township got its first land-use plan and had a European and Asian population of 2, In Kampala's oldest University Makerere was founded as the Uganda Technical College at the present Makerere hill and initially offered carpentry, building construction, mechanics, arts, education, agriculture, and medicine. In the first sewerage plan was prepared to target a population of 20, people in Nakasero and Old Kampala areas of the Kampala township.
This plan guided sewerage development from to in planned urban areas of the Kampala Township and excluded the Kibuga area occupied by the Baganda and other natives. In , the Uganda Railway line reached Kampala, connecting Kampala to Mombasa Port thirty-five years from the commencement of its construction. In , Ernst May a German architect was commissioned by the Uganda Protectorate Government to design a new physical plan for Kampala. Ernst May's plan of was intended to extend Kampala eastwards covering Kololo hill and Naguru hill, and with commercial center on the southern slopes of Nakasero hill, an industrial zone in the southeast of Kampala and for the first time a planned residential zone for the Ugandan natives.
Henry Kendall's plan expanded Kampala from the 5. However, like the first two planning schemes, the plan failed to achieve many of its stated objectives. On 9 October , Uganda gained independence; subsequently the capital city was transferred from Entebbe to Kampala and in the same year, Kampala was granted city status. In , six years after Uganda attaining Independence the boundaries of Kampala were expanded incorporating the Kibuga then known as Mengo Municipality , Kawempe and Nakawa Townships, areas of Muyenga, Ggaba, etc.
In , the fourth physical plan for Kampala was made covering the newly incorporated areas of Kampala's boundary extensions of , but the subsequent political and economic turmoil of the s and s meant the plan was never implemented. In Kampala Capital City Authority act was enacted giving the government of Uganda more control of the administration of Kampala city, and the act also created the Kampala Metropolitan Physical Planning Authority with stated aims of improving the infrastructure of the City of Kampala and the surrounding districts of Wakiso , Mukono , Buikwe , Mpigi and Luwero.
Kampala was originally built on seven hills , but it has expanded to cover more than the original seven hills.
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Kampala, due to the diversity of habitats that include wetlands and hills, was previously covered with short-grasses on the tops of the hills, elephant grass Pennisetum purpureum Schumach. A facet of Kampala's weather is that it features two annual wetter seasons. While the city does not have a true dry season month, it experiences heavier precipitation from August to December and from February to June. However, it's between February and June that Kampala sees substantially heavier rainfall per month, with April typically seeing the heaviest amount of precipitation at an average of around millimetres 6.
- Neighbours and nationals in an African city ward | Smithsonian Institution.
- Data Visualization, Part 1: New Directions for Evaluation, Number 139 (J-B PE Single Issue (Program) Evaluation).
- Neighbours and Nationals in an African City Ward : David Parkin : .
Pre-primary education is offered only by private entities which are located in the various neighborhoods of Kampala, and is lightly regulated by the Ministry of Education and Sports and starts from age of 6 weeks. Education in Kampala city is provided by a vast number of public and private institutions offering a wide range of educational training that includes pre-primary, primary, secondary, vocational, technical undergraduate and post-graduate education.
Kampala has quite a number of both primary and secondary schools in every parish that are mostly privately owned and a handful that are state-owned and are also lightly regulated by the City Education directorate and Ministry of Education and Sports. Kampala has a number of both private and state institutions offering training in a broad range of fields as indicated in the table below:.
The population of Kampala city proper has been rapidly increasing from 62, in to 1,, in then 1,, in And in the population was estimated to be 1,, Kampala being the capital city and economic engine of Uganda has a diverse ethnic population drawn from all parts of the country and also from neighboring countries such as Democratic Republic of the Congo , Rwanda , South Sudan , Eritrea , Somalia , and even as far as from countries such as India , China , etc.
Cross-cultural intimate relations in Kampala and even Uganda generally speaking are still unusual. Although many of Kampala's residents live and work in close contact, they still define themselves by their ethnic origins. African City Textualities. Far from merely embodying backwardness and lack, African cities are sites of complex and diverse cultural productions which participate in Cities, Nationalism and Democratization.
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